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莎士比亚十四行诗中英对照(英语听力拓展课本·莎士比亚十四行诗(11-15内置MP3))

《莎士比亚十四行诗》成书大约于1590年至1598年之间,其…

莎士比亚十四行诗中英对照(英语听力拓展课本·莎士比亚十四行诗(11-15内置MP3))

莎士比亚十四行诗中英对照(英语听力拓展课本·莎士比亚十四行诗(11-15内置MP3))

《莎士比亚十四行诗》成书大约于1590年至1598年之间,其诗作的结构技巧和语言技巧都很高,几乎每首诗都有独立的审美价值。诗集分为两部分,第一部分为前126首,献给一个年轻的贵族(Fair Lord),诗人的诗热烈地歌颂了这位朋友的美貌以及他们的友情;第二部分为第127首至最后,献给一位"黑女士"(Dark Lady),描写爱情。该诗集于1609年在伦敦首次印刷出版。评论家赞美《十四行诗》是爱、性欲、生殖、死亡和时间的本性的深刻思索。

莎士比亚十四行诗中英对照(英语听力拓展课本·莎士比亚十四行诗(11-15内置MP3))

莎士比亚十四行诗中英对照(英语听力拓展课本·莎士比亚十四行诗(11-15内置MP3))

11As fast as thou shalt wane so fast thou grow'st,

莎士比亚十四行诗中英对照(英语听力拓展课本·莎士比亚十四行诗(11-15内置MP3))

In one of thine, from that which thou departest,

莎士比亚十四行诗中英对照(英语听力拓展课本·莎士比亚十四行诗(11-15内置MP3))

And that fresh blood which youngly thou bestow'st,

Thou mayst call thine, when thou from youth convertest,

Herein lives wisdom, beauty, and increase,

Without this folly, age, and cold decay,

If all were minded so, the times should cease,

And threescore year would make the world away:

Let those whom nature hath not made for store,

Harsh, featureless, and rude, barrenly perish:

Look whom she best endowed, she gave thee more;

Which bounteous gift thou shouldst in bounty cherish:

She carved thee for her seal, and meant thereby,

Thou shouldst print more, not let that copy die.

XI

和你一样快地消沉,你的儿子,

也将一样快在世界生长起来;

你灌注给青春的这新鲜血液

仍将是你的,当青春把你抛开。

这里面活着智慧、美丽和昌盛;

没有这,便是愚蠢、衰老和腐朽:

人人都这样想,就要钟停漏尽,

六十年便足使世界化为乌有。

让那些人生来不配生育传宗,

粗鲁、丑陋和笨拙,无后地死去;

造化的至宠,她的馈赠也最丰,

该尽量爱惜她这慷慨的赐予:

  她把你刻做她的印,意思是要

  你多印几份,并非要毁掉原稿。

12When I do count the clock that tells the time,

And see the brave day sunk in hideous night,

When I behold the violet past prime,

And sable curls all silvered o'er with white:

When lofty trees I see barren of leaves,

Which erst from heat did canopy the herd

And summer's green all girded up in sheaves

Borne on the bier with white and bristly beard:

Then of thy beauty do I question make

That thou among the wastes of time must go,

Since sweets and beauties do themselves forsake,

And die as fast as they see others grow,

And nothing 'gainst Time's scythe can make defence

Save breed to brave him, when he takes thee hence.

XII

当我数着壁上报时的自鸣钟,

见明媚的白昼坠入狰狞的夜,

当我凝望着紫罗兰老了春容,

青丝的卷发遍洒着皑皑白雪;

当我看见参天的树枝叶尽脱,

它不久前曾荫蔽喘息的牛羊;

夏天的青翠一束一束地就缚,

带着坚挺的白须被舁上殓床;

于是我不禁为你的朱颜焦虑:

终有天你要加入时光的废堆,

既然美和芳菲都把自己抛弃,

眼看着别人生长自己却枯萎;

  没什么抵挡得住时光的毒手,

  除了生育,当他来要把你拘走。

13O that you were your self, but love you are

No longer yours, than you your self here live,

Against this coming end you should prepare,

And your sweet semblance to some other give.

So should that beauty which you hold in lease

Find no determination, then you were

Your self again after your self's decease,

When your sweet issue your sweet form should bear.

Who lets so fair a house fall to decay,

Which husbandry in honour might uphold,

Against the stormy gusts of winter's day

And barren rage of death's eternal cold?

O none but unthrifts, dear my love you know,

You had a father, let your son say so.

XIII

哦,但愿你是你自己,但爱呀,你

终非你有,当你不再活在世上:

对这将临的日子你得要准备,

快交给别人你那俊秀的肖像。

这样,你所租赁的朱颜就永远

不会有满期;于是你又将变成

你自己,当你已经离开了人间,

既然你儿子保留着你的倩影。

谁肯让一座这样的华厦倾颓,

如果小心地看守便可以维护

它的光彩,去抵抗隆冬的狂吹

和那冷酷的死神无情的暴怒?

  哦,除非是浪子;我爱呀,你知道

  你有父亲;让你儿子也可自豪。

14Not from the stars do I my judgement pluck,

And yet methinks I have astronomy,

But not to tell of good, or evil luck,

Of plagues, of dearths, or seasons' quality,

Nor can I fortune to brief minutes tell;

Pointing to each his thunder, rain and wind,

Or say with princes if it shall go well

By oft predict that I in heaven find.

But from thine eyes my knowledge I derive,

And constant stars in them I read such art

As truth and beauty shall together thrive

If from thy self, to store thou wouldst convert:

Or else of thee this I prognosticate,

Thy end is truth's and beauty's doom and date.

XIV

并非从星辰我采集我的推断;

可是我以为我也精通占星学,

但并非为了推算气运的通蹇,

以及饥荒、瘟疫或四时的风色;

我也不能为短促的时辰算命,

指出每个时辰的雷电和风雨,

或为国王占卜流年是否亨顺,

依据我常从上苍探得的天机。

我的术数只得自你那双明眸,

恒定的双星,它们预兆这吉祥:

只要你回心转意肯储蓄传后,

真和美将双双偕你永世其昌。

  要不然关于你我将这样昭示:

  你的末日也就是真和美的死。

15When I consider every thing that grows

Holds in perfection but a little moment.

That this huge stage presenteth nought but shows

Whereon the stars in secret influence comment.

When I perceive that men as plants increase,

Cheered and checked even by the self-same sky:

Vaunt in their youthful sap, at height decrease,

And wear their brave state out of memory.

Then the conceit of this inconstant stay,

Sets you most rich in youth before my sight,

Where wasteful time debateth with decay

To change your day of youth to sullied night,

And all in war with Time for love of you,

As he takes from you, I engraft you new.

XV

当我默察一切活泼泼的生机

保持它们的芳菲都不过一瞬,

宇宙的舞台只搬弄一些把戏

被上苍的星宿在冥冥中牵引;

当我发觉人和草木一样蕃衍,

任同一的天把他鼓励和阻挠,

少壮时欣欣向荣,盛极又必反,

繁华和璀璨都被从记忆抹掉;

于是这一切奄忽浮生的征候

便把妙龄的你在我眼前呈列,

眼见残暴的时光与腐朽同谋,

要把你青春的白昼化作黑夜;

  为了你的爱我将和时光争持:

  他摧折你,我要把你重新接枝

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